14 June 2016
• On average, police forces are seeing a reported £19 million lost by businesses in their area
• 22% increase in crimes reported to Action Fraud in the last year
• Dorset Police and Get Safe Online are urging businesses to better train staff to spot the signs of fraud
With online crime becoming an increasing threat for businesses, new figures from Get Safe Online and Action Fraud released yesterday show that from March 2015 – March 2016, a huge total of £1,427,521 was reported lost by businesses in Dorset to online crime. This comes as across the country, Action Fraud saw a 22% increase from 30,475 in 2014 – 2015, to 37,070 crimes reported in the last year.
On average, each police force in the UK recorded £19,626,323 in losses by businesses in their area. However, the true picture could be even higher, as these figures do not take into account the amount potentially lost by those businesses who choose not to report online crime to the police.
From these latest figures, it’s evident that businesses need to do more to ensure staff across the board have appropriate online fraud awareness training, so that everyone understands their role in keeping the business secure. A substantial amount of attempted fraud against businesses is successful due to lack of knowledge or sloppy habits by their employees.
The online crimes businesses must watch out for:
Delving into the figures, Mandate Fraud is becoming an increasingly worrying issue for businesses. This occurs when a fraudster gets victims to change a direct debit or standing order by pretending to be an organisation a victim makes regular payments to, for example a business supplier or subscription service. It’s an extremely targeted approach, with 19 cases reported in Dorset alone and a subsequent £278,375 lost.
Corporate employee fraud – where employees or ex-employees obtain property or compensation through fraud, or misuse corporate cards and expenses – is also on the rise, with 38 cases recorded in 2015 – 2016 and £378,674 lost by business in Dorset. It’s position in the top ten most reported crimes by businesses across the UK in the last 12 months demonstrates how fraud is not just an external threat, but can also affect a business from the inside. It is therefore vital for all businesses to provide their staff with the right tools and training to be able to identify signs of fraud or suspicious activity, before it’s too late, as well as having guidelines in place on whistleblowing.
Hacking is perhaps one of the main issues facing businesses. A fraudster can hack into a business's server, an employee’s personal computer, or access email/social media accounts to obtain private information. In its various forms , hacking is one of the most widely reported types of fraud in the UK over the past 12 months, with 1314 reported cases.
Retail and investment industries also targeted
Other types of fraud committed against specific industry sectors such as retail and insurance also accounted for a substantial proportion of crimes reported by businesses, owing mainly to the typical transaction values involved.
Retail fraud – defined as fraud committed against retailers through refund fraud, label fraud or when goods are ordered with no intention of paying – has risen by 71% in 2014 – 2015, from 3559 cases reported in 2014 – 2015, to 8163 cases in the last year. Specifically, Dorset saw 93 reported cases, topping the list as the most reported type of online crime in the area in the past year. Across the country, a substantial increase in retail fraud reports came between November 2015 to January 2016, possibly connected to the increased spending in retail over the Christmas and winter sale period.
In addition, Insurance Related Fraud showed a marked increase of 68%, from 587 in 2014 – 2015, to 986 cases in the last year.
Crimes on the decrease
Although still one of the most widely reported crimes affecting businesses, reports of Cheque, Plastic Card and Online Bank Accounts Fraud (defined as the fraudulent use of a cheque, plastic card or online bank account) decreased by 21% in the last year, moving from the most reported fraud with 7114 reports in 2014 – 2015, to number three in this year’s most reported online crimes (5682 cases). From 2015 – 2016, a reported £55,621 was lost this way by businesses in Dorset.
Additionally, 2015 – 2016 reports of other Advanced Fee Frauds have decreased by 37% , moving out of the top 10 reported crimes. Other Consumer Non Investment Fraud – whereby victims are shown or test a product that isn’t received, is fake, or is stolen – has also decreased by 31%.
Tony Neate, CEO of Get Safe Online commented: “These latest figures show the enormous, and quite frankly daunting impact online crime can have on a business, its reputation, its employee and even its continued operation. It also highlights the abundance of ways a business can be targeted, both externally, and from within. To tackle this issue head on, businesses need to review their own skills and knowledge, determine if they need outside help, and then create measures to prevent, detect and respond to potential security threats. It’s all about education, and staff must be aware of this plan and trained where necessary.
“With new data regulations in place, we’ll see more and more businesses in Dorset start to report online crime and realise that the right staff training can go a long way to helping prevent this growing problem. We recommend all small businesses visit the Business section of the Get Safe Online website: https://www.getsafeonline.org/business/”
Dorset Police’s Head of Intelligence, Detective Superintendent Chris Naughton said: “For today’s modern business, the ability to safely email, work remotely and operate a website is crucial to everyday operation, success, and the ability to grow.
“However, hand in hand with this does come an element of risk, and seeing the huge amount lost by businesses in Dorset to online crime in the last year, highlights how local businesses need to train their staff to spot the signs early on.”
Martyn Underhill, Dorset Police and Crime Commissioner said: “We know that crimes against business have a massive impact, not only on the organisation but also the staff who work there. In Dorset, 17% of all crime is business related and organisations in our county have lost almost £1.5m over the last year due to fraud alone.
“It is clear this is an area that needs increased focus which is why I have committed to appointing a business crime lead within my office. This will allow businesses to have a specific point of contact, independent of Dorset Police, to raise any issues they have experienced.”
Get Safe Online recommends that all businesses ensure that at least the following basic measures are in place to protect their organisation from online crime. Comprehensive expert, impartial, practical, free advice can be found at www.getsafeonline.org/business
• Set up structured employee education and awareness training, make sure it is conducted regularly and kept up-to-date.
• Install internet security solutions on all systems – including mobile devices.
• Keep all operating software, application software, mobile apps and web browsers up to date.
• Set up and enforce a strict password policy for all employees and contractors.
• Consider restricting access to inappropriate websites to lessen the risk of being exposed to malware, and create a policy governing when and how security updates should be installed.
• Introduce rules on safe mobile working, including use of unsecured Wi-Fi hotspots, shoulder surfing and protecting devices from theft or loss.
• Increase protection of your networks, including wireless networks, against external attacks through the use of firewalls, proxies, access lists and other measures.
• Maintain an inventory of all IT equipment and software – including redundant systems – and identify a secure standard formation for all existing and future IT and comms equipment used by your business.
• Restrict staff and third-party access to IT equipment, systems and information to the minimum required. Plus, keep items physically secure to prevent unauthorised access.
• For home and mobile working, ensure that sensitive data is encrypted when stored or transmitted online so that data can only be accessed by authorised users.
• Restrict the use of removable media such as USB drives, CDs, DVDs and secure digital cards, and protect any data stored on these to help stop data being lost and to prevent malware from being installed. Have a proper BYoD (Bring Your Own Device) policy in place.
If you think you have been a victim of fraud you should report it to Action Fraud, the UK’s national fraud reporting centre by calling 0300 123 20 40 or by visiting www.actionfraud.police.uk. For further advice on how businesses can stay safe online go to https://www.getsafeonline.org/business/.
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