Stop & Search
Street Interventions or Encounters
(Incorporating Stop & Search, Stop & Account, General Conversation, etc.)
Police officers nationwide carry out street encounters with members of the public, to gain intelligence and assist in the detection of crime.
Street encounters are often referred to as ‘stops’ and ‘stops and searches’. In fact, there are three types of street encounters.
- Stop and account: a police officer stops someone in a public place and asks them to account for themselves. The individual is not required to answer the police at this stage and can walk away if they choose.
- Stop and Search: a police officer stops someone and has reasonable grounds to search their clothes and anything they are carrying. The individual must oblige, or they can be arrested.
Find out more about your rights when going through the stop and account or stop and search processes: https://www.gov.uk/police-powers-to-stop-and-search-your-rights
3. Stop of a Vehicle: a police officer can stop any vehicle and ask the driver for driving documents. This is not a ‘stop’ for the purpose of stop and search, but will become one of the above processes if the driver or passenger is asked to account for themselves or if a search is carried out of the vehicle, driver or any passengers
Find out more about your rights when stopped by the police while driving: https://www.gov.uk/stopped-by-police-while-driving-your-rights/overview
The below video from West Yorkshire Police explains a bit more about Stop and Search:
Stop and Search Performance
Stop and Search Policy and Procedure
- The Independent Office for Police Conduct
- Easy Read: - The Independent Office for Police Conduct
- PACE Code A (Revised, effective from 19 March 2015)
- s1 PACE 1984
- s23 Misuse of Drugs Act 1971
- s47 Firearms Act 1968
- s60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act 1994
- Schedule 4, s5, 6, 7, 7A, 7B & 7C, Police Reform Act 2002